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Simple Rapid Food Test from Thermo Scientific to Combat Rise in Listeriosis

Thermo Scientific Listeria Rapid Test

A recent issue of CDR Weekly1 showed that Listeriosis is on the increase in certain parts of the UK and the Health Protection Agency has urged vigilance to combat this increase. A simple rapid food test from Thermo Scientific is an easy and cost effective tool that food manufacturers can use to ensure that their products are free from this food-borne pathogen.

The Thermo Scientific Listeria Rapid Test (OLRT) is designed for the detection of Listeria species in foods and environmental samples within 43 hours. Using the simple test protocol, a negative result can be available in as little as two working days after the sample is received in the testing laboratory. The procedure uses two carefully selected enrichment steps for the maximum recovery and growth of Listeria followed by an immunoassay in a lateral flow format. A heat-treated portion of the broth enrichment is added to the simple assay. A clear visual result is available in 20 minutes. No further manipulations are required.

The OLRT detects Listeria species (with the exception of the non-pathogenic Listeria grayi subsp. grayi and subsp.murrayi), it is not species specific. Therefore, it is a good indicator test for final product, raw material and environmental testing. This will be a useful addition to HACCP plans.

For more information contact Carlene Simmons, Thermo Scientific
Tel: +44 (0) 1256 841144
Fax: +44 (0)1256 329728
Email: leslie.bissell@thermofisher.com
Web: www.oxoid.com


Product Description

Enrichment Broth System -
Culture of the test sample is in two sequential enrichments, each of 24 hours. Any Listeria organisms present in the sample are selectively enriched using growth conditions which are optimal for flagella expression.

Antigen Extraction - The second enrichment media is heated at 80°C in a water bath, for 20 minutes to extract the antigen.

Listeria Device - Blue latex particles contained within the Listeria device are sensitized with specific monoclonal antibodies to the B flagella antigen 2 that is common to Listeria species. 135 µl of sample is taken from the upper quarter of the heated test sample and added to the pad in the Sample Window at the bottom of the device. The sample and sensitized latex particles migrate along the test strip by capillary action. A line of immobilised Listeria specific monoclonal antibodies is situated under the Results Window. If the sample contains antigen, latex-antigen complexes form and are then trapped by the immobilised monoclonal antibodies, forming a clearly visible blue line; this indicates a positive result. If the B flagella antigen is not present, complexes do not form and a line does not appear. Excess, unbound latex will flow past the Results Window and is trapped by a non-specific antibody in the Control Window. This acts as an integral control feature, with a blue line forming to show that the test has been carried out correctly.

Many methods for analysis of food are complex and time consuming. Listeria testing generally consists of two consecutive 24 hour selective enrichment broth cultures. The second broth is subcultured onto selective or diagnostic agar to distinguish presumptive Listeria colonies. These are then confirmed using biochemical tests. Total time to identification can take up to 7 days. Even a negative result can take over 96 hours. Using the Thermo Scientific Listeria Rapid Test method, which uses two 21 hour enrichments, a negative result can be achieved in as little as 43 hours. A presumptive positive result from the OLRT is also achieved in 43 hours which can be confirmed using further biochemical tests.


Background to Listeria

Listeria
is a genus of Gram positive, non-sporing bacilli with a DNA G+C content of 36-38%. They have up to 6 peritrichous flagella and are motile when grown at 30°C or below. They are aerobic and facultatively anaerobic, catalase positive and oxidase negative. The genus comprises six species, L. monocytogenes, L. ivanovii, L. innocua, L. welshimeri, L. seeligeri and L. grayi subsp. Grayi and L. Grayi subsp. murrayi. All Listeria, except L. grayi, variously share 4 flagella antigens A, B, C, and D, of which flagella antigen B is common.3

Pathogenic and non-pathogenic Listeria are ubiquitous in nature and can be isolated from soil, vegetables and natural waters as well as from healthy animals and man. They are able to grow over a temperature range of 1-45°C. Consequently, L. monocytogenes is a food poisoning risk to susceptible individuals. Clinical symptoms include flu-like illness, spontaneous abortion, still birth, meningitis, pneumonitis, septicaemia and endocarditis. Listeria monocytogenes infections mainly occur in neonates, pregnant women, the elderly and immunocompromised individuals.4

Listeria monocytogenes human cases 1983 - 2001 in residents of England and Wales5
  Non pregnancy- associated Pregnancy- associated * Not Known TOTAL
1983 67 44 - 111
1984 77 35 - 112
1985 77 59 - 136
1986 87 42 - 129
1987 136 102 - 238
1988 164 114 - 278
1989 123 114 - 237
1990 93 26 - 119
1991 97 32 - 129
1992 83 25 - 108
1993 87 20 - 107
1994 90 26 - 116
1995 81 10 - 91
1996 101 18 - 119
1997 103 24 - 127
1998 88 21 - 109
1999 88 18 - 106
2000 87 13 - 100
2001 112 17 7 136
Note: * a single pregnancy-associated case includes both mother and neonate.

References
1 CDR Weekly, News, 30 May 2003
2 Parry S.H., Briggs T., Blades J.A., Gani M & Piron J. (1993) A rapid Clearview Immunoassay for detection of Listeria. 7th. International Congress on Rapid Methods and Automation in Microbiology and Immunology.
3 Seeliger H.P.R. and Jones D. Genus Listeria Pirie. In: Sneath P.H.A., Mair H.S., Sharp N.E. and Holt J.G. (Eds): Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology. William & Wilkin Co. Baltimore, 1986.
4 www.cfsan.fda.gov Bad Bug Book
5 Laboratory Reports to CDSC; PHLS Food Hygiene Laboratory


NOTE: This item is from our 'historic' database and may contain information which is not up to date.

Source: Thermo Scientific. View latest company information

Posted: July 11, 2003
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