The US FDA expects that as part of a product development Design Control Program risk management will be conducted. FDA recommends using ISO 14971 as a guide and has accepted it as a recognized standard.
One of the techniques described in ISO 14971 is Hazard Analysis. This is the most powerful of the risk management techniques because it considers risks in normal operation as well as fault conditions. FMEA and FTA consider only fault conditions and are more suited as reliability tools than as product safety tools.
In this ISO 14971 risk management training we will explain in detail the process of conducting a hazard analysis. The confusing terms “hazard”, hazardous situation”, “harm”, “causative event”, “ALARP”, “risk index”, “residual risk” will be explained. We will go step by step through a template for hazard analysis so that the process is clear. Examples of hazards and hazardous situations will be discussed. Also, how to deal with residual risk will be discussed.
We will go step by step through a typical hazard analysis. We will explain how to integrate Human Factors studies into the Hazard Analysis and how to integrate Hazard Analysis into the design program.
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